Within trend forecasting, there is Shared Situation Awareness, which is the themes and ideas which are shared amongst a group – the opinion formers- fashion does not feed fashion, we have to look outside of this for new trends and fashion designs which in turn feeds to the audiences. Trend Forecasting is a teams ability to recognise a pattern in a fluid situation and to use this information to anticipate what might happen. Fashion is forever moving, you have to take a snapshot of what is happening in that section of time. Some looks have defined decades, like the bob, now they define a season, or a year, it is incredibly fast moving, and you have to constantly be aware of what is coming out; exhibitions, music, films and other emerging areas. You have to be incredibly quick with this.
There are three steps in this process:
- Observe the raw data
- Spot patterns to form hypothesis as to how the situation might unfold
- Test the hypothesis
Ford – you have designs which are going to be large within the industry, something that will be sold quickly, something that will be very popular, however it is fast fashion meaning it appears very quickly.
Trafalgar – slow fashion is where an idea will evolve over a period of time, which will become very developed and destined and will be right and exactly what the audience will mean. It will be touched on time and time again, a theme or a technique which is constantly revisited within the designer. Vivienne Westwood is an example of this, as she has a strong British essence within her work.
Bubble up is where trends enter from the street and work there way up within the fashion industry. Trickle down is conceptual dresses, where the clothing is very difficult to understand and interpret, but has been observed and has made its way into the high street. Zara is incredibly good at this, as they have looked at what is new and couture within the industry, and they make their own look out of it, the look becomes very simplified and enters the high street, fast fashion market. Often this moves around regions within the country, what is good where and why?